Categories
History

HISTORY RESEARCH PAPER HIST 223A Winter 2022 Alexander College VITAL INFORMA

HISTORY RESEARCH PAPER
HIST 223A Winter 2022
Alexander College

VITAL INFORMATION: Failure to follow instructions may result in ‘ZERO’ or other penalties
All submissions MUST be made on Canvas. Upload Word or PDF files for the two main pieces of writing.
Paper submissions will be accepted in addition for students who want detailed comments.
Assignments MUST include footnotes and bibliography (which does not count for the length requirements). Absence of footnotes is unacceptable and will result in ‘ZERO’.
WLC appointments are ALWAYS recommended and rewarded. Upload the WLC reports when submitting assignments.
Encyclopedias and online sources are occasionally acceptable, but inappropriate use of these materials may result in ‘ZERO’. Follow the instructions closely and check if unsure.

OUTCOMES
Develop critical thinking about historical problems.
Experience the complexity and process of researching historical events and individuals.
Evaluate the merits of different source materials and critically examine their bias or purpose.
Recognize the importance of correlating questions and sources to present credible and influential arguments.
Produce a clear and concise thesis statement that makes a conscious contribution to the historical conversation using specific research materials.

PURPOSE OF RESEARCH PROJECTS
In this course we will cover a broad range of subjects in class readings and discussion, and this project is your opportunity to do more work on an aspect of history that you find personally interesting. Whether it is within your chosen field of study or simply for knowledge, the goal of this project is to add something that is not already known to the historical conversation.
To do this you must find a gap in the research with something that you feel is more important than historians have recognized, or you must find a disagreement between historians that would benefit from additional research material. Presenting unique research material means that you will produce a thesis statement that explains how your material fits into the existing historical discussion.
At each stage the project is graded, keep the overall purpose in mind. The quality of the ideas and arguments is more important than the volume of writing that is submitted.

RESEARCH EXPECTATIONS
Term Paper Research Project involves two stages in producing a final paper, and each one has its own requirements for the number and nature of sources. These guidelines must be respected.
The research expectations are cumulative, and reflect the total material that should be used at each point in the project.
Primary Sources: available online. See links on the Research Help Module.
Documents and excerpts from leading nineteenth century thinkers can be found on the Modern History Sourcebook at Fordham University; the Hanover Historical Texts Project; and on Marxists.org. It is recommended to select longer documents and avoid brief excerpts.
Points to the Past contains numerous sub-databases including newspapers, official documents and literature. Tends to favour British history. For nineteenth century history consider the Times Digital Archive as a starting point; for twentieth century history the Times and Daily Mail archives are excellent. For eighteenth century history consider Eighteenth Century Collections Online or the Burney Collection of newspapers.
Museum websites, run by reputable institutions. Ensure that you are finding primary sources, not descriiptions written by the museum. If you want to work with art or material artifacts contact the instructor.
Look through footnotes in other sources or use other literature to give clues for search terms.
Secondary Sources: Available online or in the AC Library
Ebook chapters or scholarly articles are acceptable, but students will be evaluated on the quality of their chosen works.
Library databases, particularly EBSCO and JSTOR Essentials will be the main source for secondary sources.
Avoid Intermediate and Popular Secondary Sources unless you receive prior approval to work on a history and memory project.

COMPONENTS OF THE RESEARCH PROJECT
Part I: History Research Worksheet (10%) – Due Week #6
Part II: Research Paper Final publish (20%) – Due Week #12

HISTORY WORKSHEET (10%)
Due Week 6 (12 Feb 2023)

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:
Develop a ‘specialization’ in a particular area of historical research.
Experience the challenges and benefits of primary source research in archives and databases.
Analyze source material and present an effective and original argument about the historical significance of the research.
Practice professional and scholarly communication.
General Instructions:
Follow the steps laid out in the worksheet in order and work through the process. Do not skip to the end, even if you have a research topic in mind.
The worksheet will incorporate the proposal, annotated bibliography and outline phases of the research project. Thoroughly completing the worksheet is the best way to advance the research project and earn higher marks.
Underlined blanks are there to indicate an answer is expected. Blanks are not formatted – make sure to write complete sentences and fully answer the question.
¶_____ signs indicate a paragraph of 6-7 sentences is required. ¶¶____ indicates two 6-7 sentence paragraphs are expected
Regular blanks “_____” require a single sentence or simple fill-in-the-blank responses.
HIGHLIGHT or BOLD ANSWERS IF NECESSARY
History research requires primary sources and this must always be the first priority in designing a research project.
Review the video essay (Research and Writing Support Module) discussing the various types of source material – Direct Primary; Indirect Primary; Intermediate Secondary; Academic Secondary and Popular Secondary. No marks will be directly awarded for completion, but understanding these concepts may save you from receiving zero on a major assignment.
Any historiography papers that are examining and comparing purely secondary source material must be personally discussed with the instructor.

Step One: Define the Project’s Period, Place and People.
Time Period: ______________________ (max. 5-10 year period)
Geographical Location: ______________________ (which countries or regions do you want to understand? Refer to a map if necessary. Ex. Burgundy in modern France)
People: __________________________ (consider the social class, nationality, age and gender of the people you want to learn about. Ex. 16th century peasant life in England)
Combine these definitions into a single descriiptive term: ex. working-class women in eighteenth-century Bavaria; Venetian traders in the eastern Mediterranean in the 16th _______________
Source Material Type: _______________________________ (what are your top choices for documentary material? Direct or Indirect primary sources? Letters, reports, newspaper articles, books etc.).
Annotated Bibliography Entries
You will need to locate some source material to begin the research project and ensure that it is viable. This does not require reading the full source, only reviewing it.
For each source provide the proper CMS citation information. You will need this throughout the assignment, so do it properly the first time and then use as needed.
SOURCE MATERIAL EXPECTATIONS:
TWO Substantial primary sources or AT LEAST FIVE short sources like newspaper articles. The choice of sources and the level of work will be considered in the marking. More source material with stronger detail and analysis will receive top marks.
TWO ACADEMIC secondary sources. Use library books or databases and avoid general internet material.

WRITE YOUR ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY HERE (Minimum 4 sources):

Lastname, Author. “Short title if relevant.” Original Date. Book Title. Editor. Place: Publisher, date. Pages. Database Title. URL.
At least one paragraph of written summary and observations should be provided. This paragraph should identify at least two valuable topics, arguments or clusters of information that make this source a useful choice. Then the paragraph should make it explicit that you have a plan for how to use this source to support your research. This means making a clear connection between the source and your specific research question. This may change through the research process, but make a confident analysis based on your current understanding.

Appendix:
Consider the following places to find good historical PRIMARY AND SECONDARY sources. NOT ALL ARE RELEVANT TO YOUR COURSE.
Review the YouTube video (on IainTalksHistory,
https://youtu.be/hvS9wjAhaeU (Links to an external site.)
) discussing primary and secondary sources. Mis-identifying the nature of the source material can lead to failing grades on the assignment.

Alexander College Library
https://alexandercollege.ca/student-success/library/Links to an external site.
Published collections of documents, academic articles and books
JSTOR
https://alexandercollege.ca/student-success/library/articles-and-databases/Links to an external site.
Late nineteenth and twentieth century technical, scientific and academic literature. Secondary Sources.
Academic Search Complete (EBSCO)
https://alexandercollege.ca/student-success/library/articles-and-databases/Links to an external site.
Academic secondary sources. Published works.
Hanover Historical Texts Project
https://history.hanover.edu/project.php (Links to an external site.)
Excerpts and some full text resources relating to introductory history survey courses
Internet Archive
https://archive.org/ (Links to an external site.)
Public Domain works of philosophy and literature from a wide range of sources. Some are accessible, some require accounts.
Marxists Internet Archive
https://www.marxists.org/archive/index.htm (Links to an external site.)
Soviet and Stalin’s documents, nineteenth and twentieth century ideological literature, great works of philosophy and literature from Early Modern period onwards.
Modern History Sourcebook
https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/modsbook.asp (Links to an external site.)
Excerpts and some full text resources relating to introductory history survey courses. Excerpts should not be used as major sources.
Points to the Past (BC Only)
https://pointstothepast.ca/resources.html (Links to an external site.)
European (and American) books, pamphlets, personal documents, newspapers (including the Times Digital Archive, Illustrated London News, and Daily Mail)
Project Gutenberg
https://www.gutenberg.org/ (Links to an external site.)
Public Domain works of philosophy and literature from a wide range of sources.
Wikisource
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Main_Page (Links to an external site.)
Public domain works of literature, philosophy, science etc.
Museum websites and collections
British Library: https://www.bl.uk/catalogues-and-collections/digital-collections (Links to an external site.)
Canadian War Museum: https://www.warmuseum.ca/exhibitions/#online-exhibitions (Links to an external site.)

Useful for art or architecture studies. If you are looking at photographs please discuss it with the instructor before proceeding too far.

Establishing your historical argument
Describe your topic in two sentences: ______________________________
Describe the type of source material that you are using in two sentences: ____________

Historiography
What does Wikipedia say about the topic? Is it a comprehensive descriiption or are there gaps or conflicts that need to be fixed? ¶_________________
Look at your secondary sources, generally in the first five pages of scholarly articles. What do historians debate about this topic? What is ONE disagreement or issue that is related to your research? ¶_____________
Original Research Outline
How will you add/challenge/complicate the historiography using the documents that you have selected? [This will become the basis of your thesis statement] ¶¶___________
What are the three to five most unique or significant insights that are provided by your primary source material? ONLY ONE SENTENCE PER INSIGHT
Insight 1: ¶_____________________
Insight 2: ¶_____________________
Insight 3: ¶_____________________
Insight 4: ¶_____________________
Insight 5: ¶_____________________

CHECK: Does your project still relate to the course? Is it connected to the right region of the world? To the right overall time period? ____________

Categories
History

In a post of at least 500 words, address all the following questions and provide

In a post of at least 500 words, address all the following questions and provide evidence from the readings to support your claims. Remember to cite the source and the page number when you paraphrase or provide a quotation:
Describe the historical period in which the Black Death occurred and name important ways that contributed to spread of the disease. Discuss the continuing publication of research on the bubonic plague and what that implies about the importance of this pandemic. Describe two responses to the Black Death which represent important advances in knowledge about how to deal with a major infectious disease outbreak that are still used today.
Book access on Vitalsourse
Login information will be provided to the assigned writer.

Categories
History

HISTORY RESEARCH PAPER HIST 223A Winter 2022 Alexander College VITAL INFORMA

HISTORY RESEARCH PAPER
HIST 223A Winter 2022
Alexander College

VITAL INFORMATION: Failure to follow instructions may result in ‘ZERO’ or other penalties
All submissions MUST be made on Canvas. Upload Word or PDF files for the two main pieces of writing.
Paper submissions will be accepted in addition for students who want detailed comments.
Assignments MUST include footnotes and bibliography (which does not count for the length requirements). Absence of footnotes is unacceptable and will result in ‘ZERO’.
WLC appointments are ALWAYS recommended and rewarded. Upload the WLC reports when submitting assignments.
Encyclopedias and online sources are occasionally acceptable, but inappropriate use of these materials may result in ‘ZERO’. Follow the instructions closely and check if unsure.

OUTCOMES
Develop critical thinking about historical problems.
Experience the complexity and process of researching historical events and individuals.
Evaluate the merits of different source materials and critically examine their bias or purpose.
Recognize the importance of correlating questions and sources to present credible and influential arguments.
Produce a clear and concise thesis statement that makes a conscious contribution to the historical conversation using specific research materials.

PURPOSE OF RESEARCH PROJECTS
In this course we will cover a broad range of subjects in class readings and discussion, and this project is your opportunity to do more work on an aspect of history that you find personally interesting. Whether it is within your chosen field of study or simply for knowledge, the goal of this project is to add something that is not already known to the historical conversation.
To do this you must find a gap in the research with something that you feel is more important than historians have recognized, or you must find a disagreement between historians that would benefit from additional research material. Presenting unique research material means that you will produce a thesis statement that explains how your material fits into the existing historical discussion.
At each stage the project is graded, keep the overall purpose in mind. The quality of the ideas and arguments is more important than the volume of writing that is submitted.

RESEARCH EXPECTATIONS
Term Paper Research Project involves two stages in producing a final paper, and each one has its own requirements for the number and nature of sources. These guidelines must be respected.
The research expectations are cumulative, and reflect the total material that should be used at each point in the project.
Primary Sources: available online. See links on the Research Help Module.
Documents and excerpts from leading nineteenth century thinkers can be found on the Modern History Sourcebook at Fordham University; the Hanover Historical Texts Project; and on Marxists.org. It is recommended to select longer documents and avoid brief excerpts.
Points to the Past contains numerous sub-databases including newspapers, official documents and literature. Tends to favour British history. For nineteenth century history consider the Times Digital Archive as a starting point; for twentieth century history the Times and Daily Mail archives are excellent. For eighteenth century history consider Eighteenth Century Collections Online or the Burney Collection of newspapers.
Museum websites, run by reputable institutions. Ensure that you are finding primary sources, not descriiptions written by the museum. If you want to work with art or material artifacts contact the instructor.
Look through footnotes in other sources or use other literature to give clues for search terms.
Secondary Sources: Available online or in the AC Library
Ebook chapters or scholarly articles are acceptable, but students will be evaluated on the quality of their chosen works.
Library databases, particularly EBSCO and JSTOR Essentials will be the main source for secondary sources.
Avoid Intermediate and Popular Secondary Sources unless you receive prior approval to work on a history and memory project.

COMPONENTS OF THE RESEARCH PROJECT
Part I: History Research Worksheet (10%) – Due Week #6
Part II: Research Paper Final Draft (20%) – Due Week #12

HISTORY WORKSHEET (10%)
Due Week 6 (12 Feb 2023)

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:
Develop a ‘specialization’ in a particular area of historical research.
Experience the challenges and benefits of primary source research in archives and databases.
Analyze source material and present an effective and original argument about the historical significance of the research.
Practice professional and scholarly communication.
General Instructions:
Follow the steps laid out in the worksheet in order and work through the process. Do not skip to the end, even if you have a research topic in mind.
The worksheet will incorporate the proposal, annotated bibliography and outline phases of the research project. Thoroughly completing the worksheet is the best way to advance the research project and earn higher marks.
Underlined blanks are there to indicate an answer is expected. Blanks are not formatted – make sure to write complete sentences and fully answer the question.
¶_____ signs indicate a paragraph of 6-7 sentences is required. ¶¶____ indicates two 6-7 sentence paragraphs are expected
Regular blanks “_____” require a single sentence or simple fill-in-the-blank responses.
HIGHLIGHT or BOLD ANSWERS IF NECESSARY
History research requires primary sources and this must always be the first priority in designing a research project.
Review the video essay (Research and Writing Support Module) discussing the various types of source material – Direct Primary; Indirect Primary; Intermediate Secondary; Academic Secondary and Popular Secondary. No marks will be directly awarded for completion, but understanding these concepts may save you from receiving zero on a major assignment.
Any historiography papers that are examining and comparing purely secondary source material must be personally discussed with the instructor.

Step One: Define the Project’s Period, Place and People.
Time Period: ______________________ (max. 5-10 year period)
Geographical Location: ______________________ (which countries or regions do you want to understand? Refer to a map if necessary. Ex. Burgundy in modern France)
People: __________________________ (consider the social class, nationality, age and gender of the people you want to learn about. Ex. 16th century peasant life in England)
Combine these definitions into a single descriiptive term: ex. working-class women in eighteenth-century Bavaria; Venetian traders in the eastern Mediterranean in the 16th _______________
Source Material Type: _______________________________ (what are your top choices for documentary material? Direct or Indirect primary sources? Letters, reports, newspaper articles, books etc.).
Annotated Bibliography Entries
You will need to locate some source material to begin the research project and ensure that it is viable. This does not require reading the full source, only reviewing it.
For each source provide the proper CMS citation information. You will need this throughout the assignment, so do it properly the first time and then use as needed.
SOURCE MATERIAL EXPECTATIONS:
TWO Substantial primary sources or AT LEAST FIVE short sources like newspaper articles. The choice of sources and the level of work will be considered in the marking. More source material with stronger detail and analysis will receive top marks.
TWO ACADEMIC secondary sources. Use library books or databases and avoid general internet material.

WRITE YOUR ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY HERE (Minimum 4 sources):

Lastname, Author. “Short title if relevant.” Original Date. Book Title. Editor. Place: Publisher, date. Pages. Database Title. URL.
At least one paragraph of written summary and observations should be provided. This paragraph should identify at least two valuable topics, arguments or clusters of information that make this source a useful choice. Then the paragraph should make it explicit that you have a plan for how to use this source to support your research. This means making a clear connection between the source and your specific research question. This may change through the research process, but make a confident analysis based on your current understanding.

Appendix:
Consider the following places to find good historical PRIMARY AND SECONDARY sources. NOT ALL ARE RELEVANT TO YOUR COURSE.
Review the YouTube video (on IainTalksHistory,
https://youtu.be/hvS9wjAhaeU (Links to an external site.)
) discussing primary and secondary sources. Mis-identifying the nature of the source material can lead to failing grades on the assignment.

Alexander College Library
https://alexandercollege.ca/student-success/library/Links to an external site.
Published collections of documents, academic articles and books
JSTOR
https://alexandercollege.ca/student-success/library/articles-and-databases/Links to an external site.
Late nineteenth and twentieth century technical, scientific and academic literature. Secondary Sources.
Academic Search Complete (EBSCO)
https://alexandercollege.ca/student-success/library/articles-and-databases/Links to an external site.
Academic secondary sources. Published works.
Hanover Historical Texts Project
https://history.hanover.edu/project.php (Links to an external site.)
Excerpts and some full text resources relating to introductory history survey courses
Internet Archive
https://archive.org/ (Links to an external site.)
Public Domain works of philosophy and literature from a wide range of sources. Some are accessible, some require accounts.
Marxists Internet Archive
https://www.marxists.org/archive/index.htm (Links to an external site.)
Soviet and Stalin’s documents, nineteenth and twentieth century ideological literature, great works of philosophy and literature from Early Modern period onwards.
Modern History Sourcebook
https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/modsbook.asp (Links to an external site.)
Excerpts and some full text resources relating to introductory history survey courses. Excerpts should not be used as major sources.
Points to the Past (BC Only)
https://pointstothepast.ca/resources.html (Links to an external site.)
European (and American) books, pamphlets, personal documents, newspapers (including the Times Digital Archive, Illustrated London News, and Daily Mail)
Project Gutenberg
https://www.gutenberg.org/ (Links to an external site.)
Public Domain works of philosophy and literature from a wide range of sources.
Wikisource
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Main_Page (Links to an external site.)
Public domain works of literature, philosophy, science etc.
Museum websites and collections
British Library: https://www.bl.uk/catalogues-and-collections/digital-collections (Links to an external site.)
Canadian War Museum: https://www.warmuseum.ca/exhibitions/#online-exhibitions (Links to an external site.)

Useful for art or architecture studies. If you are looking at photographs please discuss it with the instructor before proceeding too far.

Establishing your historical argument
Describe your topic in two sentences: ______________________________
Describe the type of source material that you are using in two sentences: ____________

Historiography
What does Wikipedia say about the topic? Is it a comprehensive descriiption or are there gaps or conflicts that need to be fixed? ¶_________________
Look at your secondary sources, generally in the first five pages of scholarly articles. What do historians debate about this topic? What is ONE disagreement or issue that is related to your research? ¶_____________
Original Research Outline
How will you add/challenge/complicate the historiography using the documents that you have selected? [This will become the basis of your thesis statement] ¶¶___________
What are the three to five most unique or significant insights that are provided by your primary source material? ONLY ONE SENTENCE PER INSIGHT
Insight 1: ¶_____________________
Insight 2: ¶_____________________
Insight 3: ¶_____________________
Insight 4: ¶_____________________
Insight 5: ¶_____________________

CHECK: Does your project still relate to the course? Is it connected to the right region of the world? To the right overall time period? ____________

Categories
History

Due the last day of the academic week 02/07 by 11:59 pm ET. Please be sure to r

Due the last day of the academic week 02/07 by 11:59 pm ET. Please be sure to read the assignment descriiption in Content and the assignment instructions below.
Assignment Instructions
There is a wealth of information available in the traditional formats of books, journals, and newspapers. UMGC’s library subscribes to many databases that contain such resources, which are available in electronic format.
For this assignment, you will do a search of the UMGC Library’s databases for five articles in scholarly (peer-reviewed) journals on your chosen topic. Each citation should be between 250 and 300 words.
To access the UMGC Library, click on Resources in the Navigation bar at the top of the course. Select Library.
For help with this, you should review this source from the UMGC Writing Center.
Select a topic that will form the basis for your Annotated Bibliography and Annotated Webliography (your Annotated Webliography is due in Week 7). You should choose a topic that deals with some aspect of world history to 1500. This covers a broad area, so you can use your imagination. For example, you could cover Egyptian agriculture, medieval weaponry, or Roman aqueducts, to name a few. If you are unsure whether your topic is acceptable, you should run it by your instructor for approval.
Provide a complete citation for the site, including the URL and your date of access. Note that the required citation style is the Chicago Manual of Style. For an example of what elements to include in your citation, go to Course Content and review the resources in the Chicago Style module. In the Sample Citations section, look under Online Journal Articles and note that you need to provide the name of the database you found the article in and your date of access. Submit your paper in MS Word or .docx format.
Analytical Annotated Bibliography Components:
Begin each annotated bibliography entry by identifying the source in the correct Chicago Manual of Style documentation.
Provide a brief descriiption of the author’s topic, thesis, and methodology. In other words, in what academic discipline does the work fall (history, literature, social science, women’s studies, cultural studies, etc.)? What kind of evidence does the author draw upon?
Concisely outline the main points in the text.
State the author’s goals and his or her intended audience. Are there any clear biases?
Most importantly, critically evaluate the text’s usefulness for the investigation of your topic. What are the strengths of the source? What are the deficiencies or limitations of the source?
Did the article help you to further understand the topic? If so, explain how. If not, explain what information might have been helpful.
Explain how each of your sources compares to the others. Are there any general trends you see in your selected books and articles?
Numerous websites will show you how to construct an annotated bibliography. UMGC also has a guide to writing an annotated bibliography (requires Flash Player to view the video).
If your article has an abstract, DO NOT CUT AND PASTE IT AND SUBMIT IT. That is plagiarism and will result in an investigation of your paper for a possible violation of the university’s academic integrity policy. Read the article and do your summary.
This assignment can be time-consuming, so do not let it get away from you. If you have any questions, please email your instructor sooner rather than later. The rubric for the Annotated Bibliography is available at the end of these instructions.
You will find a sample Annotated Bibliography in the module labeled Course Resources. You may not use the articles from the sample. Additionally, the sample assignment is meant as a guideline as to what an A paper is and is not intended to be a “perfect” assignment.
Assignments must be submitted as Word documents. This means that the file name will end in .doc as in the following example:
Johnson_Annotated_Bibliography.doc
If there is a problem with this requirement, contact your professor.
Start Date

Categories
History

1) A short introductory paragraph that names the two articles and their author a

1) A short introductory paragraph that names the two articles and their author and establishes a common theme(s).
2) A summary of the first article, including a statement of its thesis and brief discussion of the major topics that are used to support/develop it throughout the article.
3) A summary of the second article, including a statement of its thesis and brief discussion of the major topics that are used to support/develop it throughout the article.
4) A concluding paragraph that addresses the following: How are the articles and their way of interpreting the early American period of California history in tension with the interpretation offered by the documentary you watched on the Gold Rush (The Gold Rush, 1998)?.
Articles are attached.

Categories
History

Due the last day of the academic week 02/07 by 11:59 pm ET. Please be sure to r

Due the last day of the academic week 02/07 by 11:59 pm ET. Please be sure to read the assignment descriiption in Content and the assignment instructions below.
Assignment Instructions
There is a wealth of information available in the traditional formats of books, journals, and newspapers. UMGC’s library subscribes to many databases that contain such resources, which are available in electronic format.
For this assignment, you will do a search of the UMGC Library’s databases for five articles in scholarly (peer-reviewed) journals on your chosen topic. Each citation should be between 250 and 300 words.
To access the UMGC Library, click on Resources in the Navigation bar at the top of the course. Select Library.
For help with this, you should review this source from the UMGC Writing Center.
Select a topic that will form the basis for your Annotated Bibliography and Annotated Webliography (your Annotated Webliography is due in Week 7). You should choose a topic that deals with some aspect of world history to 1500. This covers a broad area, so you can use your imagination. For example, you could cover Egyptian agriculture, medieval weaponry, or Roman aqueducts, to name a few. If you are unsure whether your topic is acceptable, you should run it by your instructor for approval.
Provide a complete citation for the site, including the URL and your date of access. Note that the required citation style is the Chicago Manual of Style. For an example of what elements to include in your citation, go to Course Content and review the resources in the Chicago Style module. In the Sample Citations section, look under Online Journal Articles and note that you need to provide the name of the database you found the article in and your date of access. Submit your paper in MS Word or .docx format.
Analytical Annotated Bibliography Components:
Begin each annotated bibliography entry by identifying the source in the correct Chicago Manual of Style documentation.
Provide a brief descriiption of the author’s topic, thesis, and methodology. In other words, in what academic discipline does the work fall (history, literature, social science, women’s studies, cultural studies, etc.)? What kind of evidence does the author draw upon?
Concisely outline the main points in the text.
State the author’s goals and his or her intended audience. Are there any clear biases?
Most importantly, critically evaluate the text’s usefulness for the investigation of your topic. What are the strengths of the source? What are the deficiencies or limitations of the source?
Did the article help you to further understand the topic? If so, explain how. If not, explain what information might have been helpful.
Explain how each of your sources compares to the others. Are there any general trends you see in your selected books and articles?
Numerous websites will show you how to construct an annotated bibliography. UMGC also has a guide to writing an annotated bibliography (requires Flash Player to view the video).
If your article has an abstract, DO NOT CUT AND PASTE IT AND SUBMIT IT. That is plagiarism and will result in an investigation of your paper for a possible violation of the university’s academic integrity policy. Read the article and do your summary.
This assignment can be time-consuming, so do not let it get away from you. If you have any questions, please email your instructor sooner rather than later. The rubric for the Annotated Bibliography is available at the end of these instructions.
You will find a sample Annotated Bibliography in the module labeled Course Resources. You may not use the articles from the sample. Additionally, the sample assignment is meant as a guideline as to what an A paper is and is not intended to be a “perfect” assignment.
Assignments must be submitted as Word documents. This means that the file name will end in .doc as in the following example:
Johnson_Annotated_Bibliography.doc
If there is a problem with this requirement, contact your professor.
Start Date

Categories
History

You are expected to write a short paper in English where you discuss themes from

You are expected to write a short paper in English where you discuss themes from modules 4 and 5. The text needs to be in the range of 900-1100 words. You should spend a few words on an introduction, but the main text should be divided between three topics that are covered in modules 4 and 5. You are free to choose either one country for an in-depth analysis discussed in relation to the three topics or different sub-Saharan countries to illustrate the three topics.
A minimum 300 words is expected on each topic – demographic change, economic growth and political development. Use the following four headlines to structure your text:
Introduction
Demographic change
Economic growth
Political development
Below you will find a short explanation of the three broad topics that should be taken into consideration in this paper. But you do not have to cover all aspects of each topic. Make some choices and decide on a focus in your text. I have provided some suggestion of what such fucuses may be. As long as you stay within the main topic, you are free to choose between the suggestions or other focus areas.
Demographic change – I have discussed two primary aspects of demographic change; population increase and urbanization. Discuss what population growth in Africa has looked like in the past and will look like in the future; the different stages of the demographic transition and how it plays out in Africa; the urbanization trends in the past and at present; and so on.
Economic growth – we have seen how the African economies since WWII have experienced both booms and busts. Discuss the drivers of growth trends; economic policies to achieve growth; the relationship between economic growth and poverty reduction; and so on.
Political development – the big wave of independence swept over the African region in the 1960s. Discuss pre-colonial and colonial legacies to post-independence state formation; the relationship between political and economic development; the creation and survival of the gate-keeping state; and so on.
THE TRANSCRIPTS OF EACH CLASS WILL BE ATTACHED AS A FORM OF NOTES. AS WELL AS A WEBSITE TO THE CLASS TEXTBOOK.
CLASS TEXTBOOK: https://www.aehnetwork.org/textbook/

Categories
History

Essay response: How did the Spanish American War change the course of American f

Essay response: How did the Spanish American War change the course of American foreign policy?
1. What were the economic, political, and ideological reasons for the USA’s increased global engagement after 1880.
2. Which set of factors was the most important and why?
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History

In a post of at least 500 words, address all the following questions and provide

In a post of at least 500 words, address all the following questions and provide evidence from the readings to support your claims. Remember to cite the source and the page number when you paraphrase or provide a quotation:
From the readings for this week, describe how infectious disease outbreaks reflect the historic context of the time in which they appear and how that changed over time. If you wish, you may use any epidemic including COVID-19 as an example.
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History

You are expected to write a short paper in English where you discuss themes from

You are expected to write a short paper in English where you discuss themes from modules 4 and 5. The text needs to be in the range of 900-1100 words. You should spend a few words on an introduction, but the main text should be divided between three topics that are covered in modules 4 and 5. You are free to choose either one country for an in-depth analysis discussed in relation to the three topics or different sub-Saharan countries to illustrate the three topics.
A minimum 300 words is expected on each topic – demographic change, economic growth and political development. Use the following four headlines to structure your text:
Introduction
Demographic change
Economic growth
Political development
Below you will find a short explanation of the three broad topics that should be taken into consideration in this paper. But you do not have to cover all aspects of each topic. Make some choices and decide on a focus in your text. I have provided some suggestion of what such fucuses may be. As long as you stay within the main topic, you are free to choose between the suggestions or other focus areas.
Demographic change – I have discussed two primary aspects of demographic change; population increase and urbanization. Discuss what population growth in Africa has looked like in the past and will look like in the future; the different stages of the demographic transition and how it plays out in Africa; the urbanization trends in the past and at present; and so on.
Economic growth – we have seen how the African economies since WWII have experienced both booms and busts. Discuss the drivers of growth trends; economic policies to achieve growth; the relationship between economic growth and poverty reduction; and so on.
Political development – the big wave of independence swept over the African region in the 1960s. Discuss pre-colonial and colonial legacies to post-independence state formation; the relationship between political and economic development; the creation and survival of the gate-keeping state; and so on.
THE TRANSCRIPTS OF EACH CLASS WILL BE ATTACHED AS A FORM OF NOTES. AS WELL AS A WEBSITE TO THE CLASS TEXTBOOK.
CLASS TEXTBOOK: https://www.aehnetwork.org/textbook/